Monmouth Beach’s Political Beginnings
By virtue of an act signed by the N.J. Secretary of State, J.D. Dickinson, on March 9, 1906, Monmouth Beach was officially incorporated as a borough. Although known as “Monmouth Beach” as far back as the early 1870s, it really wasn’t official.
From its settlement beginnings in 1693, the area called Monmouth Beach was considered to be in Shrewsbury Township; by 1849 it had become part of Ocean Township (the MB area was called Fresh Pond).
According to a report in the May 1905 New York Tribune, the resort area known as Monmouth Beach was then governed by Ocean Twp., which had its headquarters in Long Branch. That year for the first time Monmouth Beach was free to decide on its own improvements as well as being given a representative on the township committee. It was Jesse P. Manahan.
On April 3, 1906, the first formal election in Monmouth Beach was held. The form of government the town started with was a partisan mayor and council. Democrat and Republican candidates ran for mayor, six council seats, assessor, recorder, collector, justice of the peace, and commissioners of appeals. Fewer than 125 people cast ballots that spring.
The Democratic ticket wept the new borough, led by William Heitzman (1874-1948) who won the mayor’s race by a 64-57 vote over Republican Jesse P. Manahan (who would return in 5 years to win another race for mayor and serve until 1916).
Elected to the council were Democrats, Garrett H. White (67 votes), John A. Maney (66 votes), James Butler (63 votes), William Applegate (63 votes), E. Borden West (61 votes), and Abram O. Johnson (60 votes).
The defeated Republicans were William Bilzard (59 votes), Mellon Kittell (58 votes), Albert Symington (57 votes), Nelson Lockwood, John Cook, and Charles A. Errickson (all 56 votes). White and Johnson would themselves later be elected mayor.
George Robbins defeated Richard West for the assessor’s job by a 64-44 count. John McWood, Jr., won the collector’s seat by a 70-49 count. Democrats Abram Jerolaman, Sr., John Maney, and John McWood, Sr. swept the commissioners of appeals seats over Charles Valentine, Abram Jerolaman, Jr., and George Craig.
The first borough attorney was Thomas P. Fay, appointed in May 1906. The first borough mayor and council held meetings in the firehouse, until the current borough hall was opened in 1918.
“If voting made any difference they wouldn’t let us do it.”
The mayor-council type of government in Monmouth Beach prevailed until September 1929, when borough voters approved a referendum (by a 184 to 163 count) to change to a non-partisan commission form of government, which still operates today. Under the new form of government, the mayor would be paid $750 per year, and two commissioners got $500.
Seven candidates ran in the first MB board of commissioners election in October 1929. Just under 400 residents voted. John J. Campbell (225 votes) was the first mayor after the change, even though he was second in the vote to Samuel Cooper (251 votes).
In an odd twist, all three members of the newly elected borough commission had names beginning with the letter C: Mayor Campbell and Commissioners William Carhart, and Cooper. As a matter of fact, the name of first borough clerk under the new government was also began with C, Beatrice Cooper. And Councilman Edward McDuffy, who had strongly advocated for the change in government, finished last in the field of candidates.
Today, the town operates under the Walsh Act, where a three-member commission rules municipal government. Each commissioner oversees a department; currently: Public Affairs, Public Safety & Public Property; Public Works & Parks; and Revenue and Finance. Borough commissioners serve for 4 years and the mayor is selected by a majority vote of the commission.
Today, the mayor is paid $3,000 per year and the two commissioners each earn $1,500 annually. Commissioner salaries have only increased two times: in 1935 and 1974.
Note: I close this post with the thought that I’d really like to see the town’s governing body gets a pay raise — after some 45 years. Agree with them or not, admit that they perform overwhelming and under appreciated jobs. The current compensation is absurd and a modest bump is far too long overdue. I suggest, $5,000 for the mayor and $2,750 for commissioners; with a COLA every fourth election. I’d like to hear other thoughts …